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Hydro-Peroxide for Indoor Air Quality

Hydro-Peroxide for Indoor Air Quality!

A new advanced Oxidation Technology utilizing “Ionized Hydro-Peroxide”

is brought to the HVAC industry for indoor Air Quality!

By Dr. James Marsden, Ronald G. Fink and Walter B. Ellis

fire and flood restoration companies. The use of ozone as

Oxidation is technically defined as the losing or the giving

an indoor air quality method for occupied spaces quickly

up of an electron. It can involve very complex reactions

was picked up by Sharper Image with a product called

between molecules and the oxidizers that are produced.

“Ionic Breeze”, basically an ion generator that produced

For this article we will keep it simple and only look at some

ozone. Numerous State Attorney Generals filed suit

of the interactions between oxygen molecules and the dif-

against Sharper Image for false and misleading advertising

ferent substances that they may contact. Controlled oxida-

which ultimately forced the company into bankruptcy.

tion is an excellent way to destroy organics such as odors,

viruses, bacteria, VOC’s and mold. Unfortunately, uncon-

Ozone is an effective oxidizer, but it carries a health warn-

trolled oxidation can also destroy living tissue. Fire is an

ing at a relatively low dosage. A look at Table 1 of oxidizing

agents shows ozone as number 3, just below fluorine and

the hydroxyl radical, which are far too dangerous to con-

sider.

Chlorine (CL) is a chemical that creates a byproduct of tri-

halomethanes that are known carcinogens linked to cancer

in humans. Oxygen (O

) is good, but by raising oxygen

2

levels, fire hazards are created.

This leaves us with Hydrogen Peroxide (H

O

), number

2

2

four on the list, just below ozone, hydrogen peroxide is a

compound of two parts hydrogen and two parts oxygen

,

(2)

Controlled Oxidation

simply water (H

O) with one extra atom of oxygen.

2

Sounds safe enough! Hydrogen Peroxide has been used

example of rapid oxidation. Rust is an example of slow oxi-

by the medical community for 170 years, mostly for disin-

dation. As in many things, too much of a good thing can be

fection purposes. In the 1920s, the British cut the mortality

dangerous.Some oxidizers are classified as “friendly”;

rate for pneumonia from 80% to 48% using Hydrogen Per-

which means when these oxidizers react they revert to

oxide therapy. Hydrogen Peroxide (H

O

) is considered

water, hydrogen, or oxygen. Friendly oxidizers are always

2

2

the safest oxidizer available (after oxygen). It is widely

oxygen based. They include hydroxyl radicals, low level

used today in toothpaste, mouthwash and household

ozone, hydrogen peroxide, and oxygen.

Table 1

Oxidizing AgentsRedox Potential (v)

Government Safety Limits

(1)

(1) (2) (3)

1.Fluorine (F)

2.87

Not recommended

*2.Hydroxyradical (OH)

2.86

Too fast to measure

*3.Ozone (O3)

2.07

.04 ppm

*4.Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

1.78

1.0 ppm

5.Chlorine (CL)

1.36

.5 ppm

*6.Oxygen (O2)

1.23

19.5-23.5%

*Friendly Oxygen-Based Oxidizers

Hydroxyl radicals are almost theoretical in that they are so

reactive that they are created and decomposed almost in-

stantaneously. They are typically confined to the reaction

surfaces of the catalyst where they are made. They can

be difficult to control, and accordingly are not always prac-

tical to use for indoor air treatment systems.

Ozone was discovered in the late 1800s in France and has

been used extensively for water and food purification. Un-

like America, Europe prefers ozone over chlorine for water

purification. In the 1980s, ozone began to appear in air pu-

rification primarily as a way to destroy various odors in-

cluding smoke.

Commercial ozone generators are still very popular with

Hydrogen peroxide products

Copyright © RGF 2012

Page 1

A technology developed in the late 1990s by RGF Environ-

cleaners. An old household remedy for children with respi-

mental creates hydroperoxides from moisture in the air

ratory problems is to put a tablespoon of hydrogen

within an HVAC system, almost like misting the indoor air

peroxide in a vaporizer.

with a weak hydrogen peroxide solution. Photohydroion-

Why not use it to disinfect the indoor air we breathe?

ization® (PHI), a patented ionized hydroperoxide technol-

We know it works in high concentrations as tested by the

ogy developed by RGF Environmental simulates the

EPA for use in disinfecting HVAC ducts for Anthrax

natural hdroperoxides in the outdoor air. The technology

spores.

Should we have another terrorist Anthrax inci-

(3) (4)

works on a rare metal catalyst and a hydrating agent acti-

dent or a contaminated hospital, vaporized Hydrogen Per-

vated by a broad spectrum ultraviolet light reacting with

oxide (H

O

) has been successfully tested.

2

2

ambient moisture in the air creating hydroperoxides. A later

PHI development, also by RGF, ionized the hydroperox-

Some will say that Hydrogen Peroxide (H

O

) in levels

2

2

ides, basically super charging them. The concept is a

over 1 ppm can be a health hazard. This is probably true,

proactive, aggressive method of indoor air sanitation in-

but high levels of almost everything can be a health haz-

stead of a contaminant or microbe being trapped or killed

ard. After all, too much oxygen can cause oxygen toxicity

in a filter system. PHI systems kill microbes at the source,

or poisoning, which will lead to cell damage and death.

(3)

in the room before you come in contact with them. Hun-

Even consuming too much water can be fatal.

dreds of independent studies and lab tests have proven

Photohydroionization® to be a very effective and safe

Hydroperoxides are known as Mother Nature’s natural, en-

method of controlling airborne organics. A byproduct of this

viro-friendly cleaning agent. Maybe mother did know best

technology actually lowers ambient ozone levels, as when

when she said “Go play outdoors, it’s healthier”. Ionized

an ozone molecule reacts with the catalyst it is used in the

hydrogen peroxides are responsible for the air smelling so

conversion to a hydroperoxide molecule. Other advan-

clean after a thunder storm. The combination of ions from

tages are very low energy consumption, about 12 watts,

lightning, water and sun increase the natural level of hy-

which is about the same as the light in your refrigerator

drogen peroxide, thereby cleaning the air. Typical outdoor

making it a green product and there is no air flow restric-

levels of hydroperoxides run between .01 to .03 ppm. The

tion or back-press on the hvac blower! The air is so clean

Government safety

guideline on hydroperoxide gas is

(2)

1.0 ppm, .02 ppm (typical outdoor levels) is 1/50 or well

that you can actually smell the difference as a wide variety

below the Government safety limits.

of odors are reduced from 55% to 98%

.

(12)

PHI Technology Hydroperoxide

Typical Test Results

levels of .01-.02 ppm

Virus 99%

Bacteria 99%

Odors 55% - 98%

Hydroperoxides outdoor levels --

.01 ppm to .03 ppm

(7) (8) (10)

Hydroperoxides inside house PHI unit off --

.00 ppm

(9) (10)

Hydroperoxides inside house PHI unit on --

Mold 97% - 98%

.01 ppm to .02 ppm

(9) (10)

Now, .01 ppm may not sound like a lot, but there are ap-

proximately 177,000,000,000,000,000 hydroperoxide gas

molecules in a single litre of air, which means they are

VOCs 80% - 99%

close to one micron apart. So, bacteria, odors, viruses,

VOCs, mold, etc. do not have to go far to be hit with one

and destroyed. Hydroperoxide gas at levels of .01 ppm are

now recognized by the EPA as an effective infection con-

Smoke 70%

trol and microbial treatment technology.

Page 2

Sneeze Study

(10) Katz Analytical for RGF Environmental Group, 2010

(9)

(11) PHI Study by Kansas City Public Health Dept., 2010,

Dr. L. Franken

3 feet

(12) PHI odor testing C&W Engineering 2008

99% reduction

Authors:

Dr, James Marsden, Distinguished Regents Professor at

Kansas State University, who has conducted research on

Advanced Oxidation Technology for the past 15 years. He

has authored numerous articles and holds many patents.

Ron Fink, President/CEO, Founder of RGF Environmental

Group, Inc., holds a BSME and has been active in nuclear

weapon detection for the Defense Intelligence Agency

(DIA), the Nuclear Power Industry and Advanced Oxida-

Many of these studies and lab tests were done on airborne

tion. He holds numerous patents, has authored numerous

contaminants as well as surfaces. This is important be-

articles and is a Certified Indoor Air Professional.

cause, as with the Norwalk Virus, much of the spread of

the virus was from touching contaminated surfaces. The

Walter B. Ellis, Vice President, Research & Development,

ionized hydroperoxide molecules settle on surfaces and

RGF Environmental Group, Inc., BS Degree in Biology &

continue to kill microbes.

Marine Biology. Mr. Ellis is a specialist in Advanced Oxida-

tion. He has authored several published technical papers

The PHI technology has been extensively employed by the

and holds numerous patents. He is an Association of En-

food industry for the last 17 years. Also, medical facilities

ergy Engineers (AEE) Certified Indoor Air Quality Profes-

have embraced it to reduce rates of H1N1, SARS, C-Diff

(9)

sional (CIAQP).

, MRSA, etc. Schools use it as it can reduce absen-

(11)

teeism of students and teachers. One PHI validation study

was to destroy the microbes of a sneeze, which it did-99%

at three feet.

(9)

PHI has been tested and approved by the military and

homeland security. Hundreds of cruise ships have installed

PHI technology throughout the ship, which has helped

eliminate the Norwalk Virus problem plaguing that industry

for years. Thousands of hotel rooms, chain restaurants

and hospitals also utilize PHI technology.

One of the best features is, with well over one million PHI

cells in use worldwide over the past 15 years, PHI has a

perfect safety record!

RGF has brought PHI technology to the HVAC industry

and has expanded their PHI product line to include resi-

dential units.

Footnotes

(1) Infection Control Today, May 2008

(2) Health Guidelines for Hydrogen Peroxide, US Dept. of

Labor, OSHA

(3) Oxygen Toxicity, Wikipedia. org

(4) Peroxide of Hydrogen as a Remedial Agent (Journal of

the American Medical Association, March 4, 1988)

(5) Vaporized Hydrogen Peroxide, Wikipedia.org

(6) Purified Hydrogen Peroxide, U.S. EPA

(7) Atmospheric Hydrogen Peroxide, Peking University,

Beijing, China 2008

(8) Measurement of Atmospheric Hydrogen Peroxide,

North Carolina State University

(9) Kansas State University testing results of PHI®

technology, 2000 to 2012

Page 3

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